Boersma suggests that a sacramental reading of the text (Proverbs 8) allows us to overcome the impasse between Nicene and Arian readings of the text. When Wisdom said “God created me at the beginning of all his works,” does this mean that Christ was created? That seems to be what the text says, but that can’t be right.
A huge portion of the problem is the lack of Hebrew knowledge, since qana doesn’t mean creation ex nihilo. Gregory of Nyssa was aware of this but he really didn’t utilize it (not that anyone would have cared). Of course I side with the Nicenes, but neither side did a great job in this debate. More to the point, however, are the moves that Boersma makes that allows us to participate in a sacramental reading.
Athanasius in reading a text seeks three elements: time, person, and purpose. This allows him to make distinctions between economy and Trinity. Therefore, Christ’s creation is linked in the economy of salvation (172).
Song of Songs
Of course the Fathers read it in a non-literal sense, but not for the reasons you think. The material sexuality in the Song is very real. If it weren’t, it could function as a participatory link to the spiritual realities. You have to have both. And unlike some “spiritualizing” or “allegorizing” tendencies, the Fathers took their starting point in the nuptial passages from God’s dealing with Israel (190).
That’s a really good approach to the book. Granted, some of the details are a bit fancy (but no less arbitrary than how we explain away the literal in biblical prophecy).