Boersma, Hans. Scripture as Real Presence: Sacramental Exegesis in the Early Church. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic, 2017.
Thesis: the mystery of Christ is already present in the Old Testament (Boersma xv).
Metaphysics and Hermeneutics
Origen: the earthly scene contains patterns (exemplaria) of the heavenly things. They teach us to mount up (ascendere). “We contemplate heavenly things by means of their forms and likenesses as they appear in visible things. It is by means of actual things and copies (rebus ipsis et exemplis) that we can move on to heaven itself” (10).
We can ascend precisely because heavenly realities are related to particulars.
We always brings a metaphysics to our hermeneutics. In this chapter Boersma contrasts the metaphysics of Origen (and most of the fathers) with those of Hobbes and Spinoza.
Some notes on Typology
Type and archetype are anchored in God’s eternal providence. Both participate in God’s foreknowledge (24).